Example io demo

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TODO: {{#todo:SEOKWREV (01.03.14-16:47->JG+);(01.03.14-17:35->MD+);(04.07.14-09:45->BS+);(04.09.14-16:15->BS+)|Jgreene|oe 4,oe 5,jg,md,SEOKWREV,ky,bs}}

This is a guide to the io_demo C example project included in the EMAC OE SDK.

The io_demo project provides four examples using SOM-150ES carrier board I/O:

  • An analog-to-digital converter demo.
  • A counter demo.
  • An input-to-output demo.
  • A ring demo.

The io_demo project builds one executable: io_demo.

Opening, Building and Uploading the Project Files

For information on opening the project from within Eclipse, please see Importing the EMAC OE SDK Projects with Eclipse. Then, follow Using the EMAC OE SDK Projects with Eclipse for information on how to build, upload and execute the example.

Alternatively, the Makefile can be used with the make command from the commandline to build and upload the example. For more information on this method, please see Using EMAC OE SDK Example Projects.


Usage and Behavior

Hardware Requirements

To use the io demo program you will need the following hardware.

Know Your Carrier Board

SOM-150ES carrier board with GPIO, LEDs and analog IO indicated.


This is a detail of the HDR1 PLD & BUFFERED GPIO header. Pin 49 is Vcc. The bottom pins: 2, 4, 6...46, 48, 50; are all ground. Port A is pins 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15. Port B is pins 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31. Port C is pins 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47.

Gpio header detail.png

Usage for io_demo

Run io demo from the console. It takes no parameters.

 ./io_demo

This brings up a menu of demos.

****************************
     Demo Menu              
                            
A/D Demo             - a    
Count Demo           - c    
Input to Output Demo - i    
Ring Demo            - r    
                            
Exit                 - x    
                            
Enter Selection:

Now, press a, c, i or r to run a demo; otherwise, press x to exit.

Usage Example. A/D Demo

From the demo menu press a.

****************************
     Demo Menu              
                            
A/D Demo             - a    
Count Demo           - c    
Input to Output Demo - i    
Ring Demo            - r    
                            
Exit                 - x    
                            
Enter Selection: a

A/D Demo
[0]=126 [1]=11B [2]=12C [3]=12B

The output shows the stray charge on the inputs being read by the analog-to-digital converter on pins 11, 12, 13, 14. Press a a few times to watch the values change.

This is the HDR8 ANALOG IO header.

Analog io header detail.jpg

Let's do a couple of experiments on our analog in pins.

Connect pin 20 to pin 11 and hit a. Note that the first value is higher than the others. It should read approximately 3FF. This means that the first analog-in pin has 2.5V on it.

Connect pin 1 to pin 11. Hit a. Note that the first value is lower than the others. It's the vicinity of 0. That means that the first analog-in pin is pulled down to ground.

Usage Example. Count Demo

From the demo menu press c.

The system counts from 0 to 255 in binary. It takes about 15 seconds to complete.
The steps of this process are reflected in the GPIO PortC header pins (see Know Your Carrier Board, above). As each bit in our 8-bit register is set to 1, the corresponding pin in the PortC header momentarily registers 5 volts (easily detected with a multimeter or oscilloscope).

More visibly, the counting process is also reflected in the strip of 8 LEDs on the board LD1-LD8. (see Know Your Carrier Board, above). A lit LED indicates a 1 in our 8-bit register and an unlit LED indicates a 0. When the counting process is finished, all 8 LEDs are lit (255).

Usage Example. Input to Output Demo

In this usage example the carrier board talks to itself. We send an 8-bit data stream directly from Port B to Port C via a short piece of ribbon cable. See [Know Your Carrier Board], above, for details.

This is the ribbon cable for the input-to-output demo. Note that we connect PortC:pin0 to PortB:pin0; PortC:pin1 to PortB:pin1; etc.
Iodemo homemaderibboncable.jpg

Here's the cable plugged into the GPIO header. You see that PortC:pin0 outputs to PortB:pin0; PortC:pin1 outputs to PortB:pin1; etc. Iodemo homemaderibboncable closeup.jpg

The data stream for each pin is 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0... That is to say: all pins are set to 1, then they are all set to 0, then to 1 again, etc. We observe our data stream in the strip of 8 LEDs on the carrier board. They blink in unison.

Note The blinking may get a little out of sync after a few seconds. This is normal.

Usage Example. Ring Demo

From the demo menu press r.

The system sets a bit on Port C to 1, then sets it to 0, then sets the bit after that to 1, then sets that pin to 0, and so on, sequentially. This shows a ring counter on the LED strip (see Know Your Carrier Board, above).

The steps of this process are reflected in the GPIO PortC header pins. As each bit in the 8-bit register is set to 1, the corresponding pin in the PortC header momentarily registers 5 volts (easily detected with a multimeter or oscilloscope).

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