Example io demo

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TODO: {{#todo:InProgress(12.05.13-12:47->JG+)|Jgreene|oe 4,oe 5,jg,md,Review}}

This is a guide to the io demo C example project included in the EMAC OE SDK.

The io_demo project provides four examples of SOM-150ES carrier board IO:

  • An analog-to-digital converter demo.
  • A counter demo.
  • An input-to-output demo.
  • A ring demo.

The io_demo project builds one executable: io_demo.

Opening, Building and Uploading the Project Files


Usage and Behaviour

Hardware Requirements

To use the io demo program you will need the following hardware.

Know Your Carrier Board

SOM-150ES carrier board with GPIO, LEDs and analog IO indicated.

This is a detail of the HDR1 PLD & BUFFERED GPIO header. Pin 49 is hot. The bottom pins: 2,4,6...46,48,50; are all ground. Port A is pins 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15. Port B is pins 17,19,21,23,25,27,29,31. Port C is pins 33,35,37,39,41,43,45,47.

Gpio header detail.png

Usage for io_demo

Run io demo from the console. It takes no parameters.


This brings up a menu of demos.

     Demo Menu              
A/D Demo             - a    
Count Demo           - c    
Input to Output Demo - i    
Ring Demo            - r    
Exit                 - x    
Enter Selection:

Now we can press a, c, i or r to run a demo; or x to exit.

Usage Example. A/D Demo

From the demo menu press -a.

     Demo Menu              
A/D Demo             - a    
Count Demo           - c    
Input to Output Demo - i    
Ring Demo            - r    
Exit                 - x    
Enter Selection: a

A/D Demo
[0]=126 [1]=11B [2]=12C [3]=12B

What you see there is low-level ambient signals (radio waves? astral perturbations?) being picked up by the analog-in pins 11,12,13,14. Press a a few times and watch the values change.

This is the HDR8 ANALOG IO header.

Analog io header detail.jpg

Let's do a couple of experiments on our analog in pins.

Connect pin 20 to pin 11 (with, say, a double mini-grabber wire thingy). Hit a. Note that our first value is higher than the others. It should read 3FF. That means that our first analog-in pin has 2.5V on it.

Connect pin 1 to pin 11. Hit a. Note that our first value is lower than the others. It's the vicinity of 0. That means that our first analog-in pin is getting grounded.

Usage Example. Count Demo

From the demo menu press c.

The system counts from 0 to 255 in binary. It takes about 15 seconds to complete.
The steps of this process are reflected in the GPIO PortC header pins (see Know Your Carrier Board, above). As each bit in our 8bit register is set to 1, the corresponding pin in the PortC header momentarily registers 5 volts (easily detected with a multimeter or oscilloscope).

More visibly, the counting process is also reflected in the strip of 8 LEDs on the board (LD1-LD8. see Know Your Carrier Board, above). A lit LED indicates a 1 in our 8 bit register and an unlit LED indicates a 0. When the counting process is finished all 8 LEDs are lit (255).

Usage Example. Input to Output Demo

In this usage example the carrier board talks to itself. We send an 8bit data stream directly from Port B to Port C via a short piece of ribbon cable. See [[1]], above, for details.

This is the suave ribbon cable that we made for our input-to-output demo. Note that we connect PortC:pin0 to PortB:pin0; PortC:pin1 to PortB:pin1; etc.
Iodemo homemaderibboncable.jpg

Here's our cable plugged into the GPIO header. You see that PortC:pin0 outputs to PortB:pin0; PortC:pin1 outputs to PortB:pin1; etc. Iodemo homemaderibboncable closeup.jpg

Our data stream for each pin is 1,0,1,0,1,0... That is to say: all pins are set to 1, then they are all set to 0, then to 1 again, etc. We observe our data stream in the strip of 8 LEDs on the carrier board. They blink in unison.

Note The blinking may get a little out of synch after a few seconds. This is normal.

Usage Example. Ring Demo

Refer to the SOM-150ES carrier board surface mount LEDs LD1-LD8 for output.


The board lights the LEDs in numeric sequence, 1-8, then repeats; looping until a key is pressed.